Table_3_Overexpression of SHMT2 Predicts a Poor Prognosis and Promotes Tumor Cell Growth in Bladder Cancer.DOCX (15.66 kB)
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Table_3_Overexpression of SHMT2 Predicts a Poor Prognosis and Promotes Tumor Cell Growth in Bladder Cancer.DOCX

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posted on 04.06.2021, 05:53 authored by Peng Zhang, Qian Yang

SHMT2 was overexpressed in many tumors, however, the role of SHMT2 in bladder cancer (BLCA) remains unclear. We first analyzed the expression pattern of SHMT2 in BLCA using the TNMplot, Oncomine, the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Next, the association between SHMT2 expression and overall survival (OS)/disease-free survival (DFS) in BLCA patients were analyzed using TCGA and PrognoScan database. The correlation between SHMT2 expression and clinicopathology was determined using TCGA database. Furthermore, the genes co-expressed with SHMT2 and their underlying molecular function in BLCA were explored based on the Oncomine database, Metascape and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Finally, the effects of SHMT2 on cell proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis were assessed using in vitro experiments. As a results, SHMT2 was significantly overexpressed in BLCA tissues and cells compared to normal bladder tissues and cells. A high SHMT2 expression predicts a poor OS of BLCA patients. In addition, SHMT2 expression was higher in patients with a high tumor grade and in those who were older than 60 years. However, the expression of SHMT2 was not correlated with gender, tumor stage, lymph node stage, and distant metastasis stage. Finally, overexpression of SHMT2 promoted BLCA cell proliferation and suppressed apoptosis, the silencing of SHMT2 significantly inhibited BLCA cell proliferation by impairing the cell cycle, and promoting apoptosis. SHMT2 mediates BLCA cells growth by regulating STAT3 signaling. In summary, SHMT2 regulates the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of BLCA cells, and may act as a candidate therapeutic target for BLCA.

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