Data_Sheet_1_Partial Volume Correction Increases the Sensitivity of 18F-Florbetapir-Positron Emission Tomography for the Detection of Early Stage Amyloidosis.docx
Purpose: To test whether correcting for unspecific signal from the cerebral white matter increases the sensitivity of amyloid-PET for early stages of cerebral amyloidosis.
Methods: We analyzed 18F-Florbetapir-PET and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ42 data from 600 older individuals enrolled in the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), including people with normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia. We determined whether three compartmental partial volume correction (PVC-3), explicitly modeling signal spill-in from white matter, significantly improved the association of CSF Aβ42 levels with global 18F-Florbetapir-PET values compared with standard processing without PVC (non-PVC) and a widely used two-compartmental PVC method (PVC-2). In additional voxel-wise analyses, we determined the sensitivity of PVC-3 compared with non-PVC and PVC-2 for detecting early regional amyloid build-up as modeled by decreasing CSF Aβ42 levels. For replication, we included an independent sample of 43 older individuals with subjective memory complaints from the INveStIGation of AlzHeimer’s PredicTors cohort (INSIGHT-preAD study).
Results: In the ADNI sample, PVC-3 18F-Florbetapir-PET values normalized to whole cerebellum signal showed significantly stronger associations with CSF Aβ42 levels than non-PVC or PVC-2, particularly in the lower range of amyloid levels. These effects were replicated in the INSIGHT-preAD sample. PVC-3 18F-Florbetapir-PET data detected regional amyloid build-up already at higher (less abnormal) CSF Aβ42 levels than non-PVC or PVC-2 data.
Conclusion: A PVC approach that explicitly models unspecific white matter binding improves the sensitivity of amyloid-PET for identifying the earliest stages of cerebral amyloid pathology which has implications for future primary prevention trials.