Presentation_1_The ALDH Family Contributes to Immunocyte Infiltration, Proliferation and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transformation in Glioma.pdf (4.36 MB)
Download file

Presentation_1_The ALDH Family Contributes to Immunocyte Infiltration, Proliferation and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transformation in Glioma.pdf

Download (4.36 MB)
presentation
posted on 07.01.2022, 04:59 authored by Zeyu Wang, Yuyao Mo, Ying Tan, Zhihui Wen, Ziyu Dai, Hao Zhang, Xun Zhang, Songshan Feng, Xisong Liang, Tao Song, Quan Cheng

Gliomas are malignant tumors that originate from the central nervous system. The aldehyde dehydrogenase family has been documented to affect cancer progression; however, its role in gliomas remains largely unexplored. Bulk RNA-seq analysis and single-cell RNA-Seq analysis were performed to explore the role of the aldehyde dehydrogenases family in gliomas. Training cohort contained The Cancer Genome Atlas data, while data from Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus were set as validation cohorts. Our scoring system based on the aldehyde dehydrogenases family suggested that high-scoring samples were associated with worse survival outcomes. The enrichment score of pathways were calculated by AUCell to substantiate the biofunction prediction results that the aldehyde dehydrogenases family affected glioma progression by modulating tumor cell proliferation, migration, and immune landscape. Tumor immune landscape was mapped from high-scoring samples. Moreover, ALDH3B1 and ALDH16A1, two main contributors of the scoring system, could affect glioblastoma cell proliferation and migration by inducing cell-cycle arrest and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Taken together, the aldehyde dehydrogenases family could play a significant role in the tumor immune landscape and could be used to predict patient prognosis. ALDH3B1 and ALDH16A1 could influence tumor cell proliferation and migration.

History

References