Presentation_1_TSPAN1, TMPRSS4, SDR16C5, and CTSE as Novel Panel for Pancreatic Cancer: A Bioinformatics Analysis and Experiments Validation.zip (13.13 MB)
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Presentation_1_TSPAN1, TMPRSS4, SDR16C5, and CTSE as Novel Panel for Pancreatic Cancer: A Bioinformatics Analysis and Experiments Validation.zip

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posted on 18.03.2021, 14:52 by Hua Ye, Tiandong Li, Hua Wang, Jinyu Wu, Chuncheng Yi, Jianxiang Shi, Peng Wang, Chunhua Song, Liping Dai, Guozhong Jiang, Yuxin Huang, Yongwei Yu, Jitian Li

Pancreatic cancer is a lethal malignancy with a poor prognosis. This study aims to identify pancreatic cancer-related genes and develop a robust diagnostic model to detect this disease. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to determine potential hub genes for pancreatic cancer. Their mRNA and protein expression levels were validated through reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical (IHC). Diagnostic models were developed by eight machine learning algorithms and ten-fold cross-validation. Four hub genes (TSPAN1, TMPRSS4, SDR16C5, and CTSE) were identified based on bioinformatics. RT-PCR showed that the four hub genes were expressed at medium to high levels, IHC revealed that their protein expression levels were higher in pancreatic cancer tissues. For the panel of these four genes, eight models performed with 0.87–0.92 area under the curve value (AUC), 0.91–0.94 sensitivity, and 0.84–0.86 specificity in the validation cohort. In the external validation set, these models also showed good performance (0.86–0.98 AUC, 0.84–1.00 sensitivity, and 0.86–1.00 specificity). In conclusion, this study has identified four hub genes that might be closely related to pancreatic cancer: TSPAN1, TMPRSS4, SDR16C5, and CTSE. Four-gene panels might provide a theoretical basis for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.

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