Presentation_1_Prokineticin 2 via Calcium-Sensing Receptor Activated NLRP3 Inflammasome Pathway in the Testicular Macrophages of Uropathogenic Escheri.pptx (9.53 MB)

Presentation_1_Prokineticin 2 via Calcium-Sensing Receptor Activated NLRP3 Inflammasome Pathway in the Testicular Macrophages of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli-Induced Orchitis.pptx

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posted on 23.10.2020, 04:02 by Yufang Su, Yuan Zhang, Zhiyong Hu, Liting He, Wei Wang, Jia Xu, Zunpan Fan, Chunyan Liu, Huiping Zhang, Kai Zhao

Reproductive tract infections contribute to the development of testicular inflammatory lesions, leading to male infertility. Previous research shows that the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in orchitis promotes the secretion and maturation of IL-1β and, thus, decreases male fertility. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is closely related to the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. An increase in the CaSR level promotes the assembly and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. However, the role of CaSRs in orchitis is unknown. We first constructed a uropathogenic Escherichia Coli (UPEC) rat orchitis model and then detected the expression of CaSR and NLRP3 inflammatory pathway proteins in testicular macrophages (TM) through RT-PCR and WB, calcium levels in TM through flow cytometry, and proinflammatory factor IL-1β through ELISA. In addition, testosterone levels in the serum samples were detected using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Here, we show that CaSR upregulation after infection in TM in a rat model of UPEC induces the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway and thereby enhances IL-1β secretion and reduces the testosterone level in the blood. Moreover, CaSR inhibitors can alleviate inflammatory impairment. After UPEC challenge in vitro, CaSR promoted NLRP3 expression and released IL-1β cleaved from TM into the supernatant. Overall, elevated CaSR levels in TM in testes with UPEC-induced orchitis may impair testosterone synthesis through the activation of the NLRP3 pathway and PK2 is an upstream regulatory protein of CaSR. Our research further shows the underlying mechanisms of inflammation-related male infertility and provides anti-inflammatory therapeutic targets for male infertility.

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