Presentation_1_PDL1 Fusion Protein Protects Against Experimental Cerebral Malaria via Repressing Over-Reactive CD8+ T Cell Responses.pdf (392.63 kB)
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Presentation_1_PDL1 Fusion Protein Protects Against Experimental Cerebral Malaria via Repressing Over-Reactive CD8+ T Cell Responses.pdf

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posted on 14.01.2019, 04:35 by Jun Wang, Yue Li, Yan Shen, Jiao Liang, Yinghui Li, Yuxiao Huang, Xuewu Liu, Dongbo Jiang, Shuya Yang, Ya Zhao, Kun Yang

Cerebral malaria (CM), mainly caused by Plasmodium falciparum (P. f.), is one of the most lethal complications of severe malaria. As immunopathology mediated by brain-infiltrating CD8+ T cells is the major pathogenesis of CM, there is no safe and efficient treatment clinically focused on CD8+ T cells. New methods are needed to protect the host from injury. As evidence has shown that programmed death-1 (PD-1) is one of the most efficient immunomodulatory molecules, we constructed two soluble fusion proteins, PDL1-IgG1Fc and PDL2-IgG1Fc, to enhance PD-1/PDL signaling pathways in innate and adaptive immune cells, including macrophages and CD8+ T cells. Firstly, we confirmed that PD-1 signal pathway deficiency led to higher levels of CD8+ T cell proliferation and shorter survival time in PD-1-deficient (Pdcd1−/−) mice than WT mice. Secondly, PDL1-IgG1Fc-treated mice exhibited a more prolonged survival time than control groups. Moreover, PDL1-IgG1Fc was observed to ameliorate blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption by limiting the over-reactive CD8+ T cell cytotoxicity during experimental cerebral malaria (ECM). Further studies found thatPDL1-IgG1Fc-treated macrophages showed significant suppression in macrophage M1 polarization and their antigen presentation capability to CD8+ T cells. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the administration of PDL1-IgG1Fc in the early stage before ECM onset has an obvious effect on the maintenance of immune microenvironment homeostasis in the brain and is deemed a promising candidate for protection against CM in the future.

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