Presentation_1_New Insights Into the Function of Flavohemoglobin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Role as a NADPH-Dependent Disulfide Reductase and D-La.pdf (732.56 kB)
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Presentation_1_New Insights Into the Function of Flavohemoglobin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Role as a NADPH-Dependent Disulfide Reductase and D-Lactate-Dependent Mycothione Reductase.pdf

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posted on 10.02.2022, 04:31 authored by Naveen Thakur, Amar Nath Sharma, Mangesh Dattu Hade, Ajay Chhaya, Ashwani Kumar, Ravinder Singh Jolly, Kanak L. Dikshit

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) produces an unconventional flavohemoglobin (MtbFHb) that carries a FAD-binding site similar to D-lactate dehydrogenases (D-LDH) and oxidizes D-lactate into pyruvate. The molecular mechanism by which MtbFHb functions in Mtb remains unknown. We discovered that the D-LDH-type FAD-binding site in MtbFHb overlaps with another FAD-binding motif similar to thioredoxin reductases and reduces DTNB in the presence of NADPH similar to trxB of Mtb. These results suggested that MtbFHb is functioning as a disulfide oxidoreductase. Interestingly, D-lactate created a conformational change in MtbFHb and attenuated its ability to oxidize NADPH. Mass spectroscopy demonstrated that MtbFHb reduces des-myo-inositol mycothiol in the presence of D-lactate unlike NADPH, indicating that D-lactate changes the specificity of MtbFHb from di-thiol to di-mycothiol. When M. smegmatis carrying deletion in the fhbII gene (encoding a homolog of MtbFHb) was complemented with the fhb gene of Mtb, it exhibited four- to fivefold reductions in lipid peroxidation and significant enhancement in the cell survival under oxidative stress. These results were corroborated by reduced lipid peroxidation and enhanced cell survival of wild-type M. smegmatis after overexpression of the fhb gene of Mtb. Since D-lactate is a by-product of lipid peroxidation and MtbFHb is a membrane-associated protein, D-lactate-mediated reduction of mycothiol disulfide by MtbFHb may uniquely equip Mtb to relieve the toxicity of D-lactate accumulation and protect the cell from oxidative damage, simultaneously balancing the redox environment under oxidative stress that may be vital for the pathogenesis of Mtb.

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