Presentation_1_Bacterial Communities in Riparian Sediments: A Large-Scale Longitudinal Distribution Pattern and Response to Dam Construction.PDF (777.65 kB)

Presentation_1_Bacterial Communities in Riparian Sediments: A Large-Scale Longitudinal Distribution Pattern and Response to Dam Construction.PDF

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posted on 16.05.2018, 04:22 by Juan Chen, Peifang Wang, Chao Wang, Xun Wang, Lingzhan Miao, Sheng Liu, Qiusheng Yuan

Sediment microbes play major roles in riparian ecosystems; however, little is known about their longitudinal distribution pattern and their responses to dam construction, the most severe human disturbance in river basins. Here, we investigated the variability of sediment bacterial communities along a large-scale longitudinal gradient and between dam-controlled and dam-affected sites in riparian zone of the Lancang River, China. The abundance, activity and diversity of sediment bacteria gradually increased in a downstream direction, but were significantly lower in the dam-affected sites than in the dam-controlled sites. The bacterial community compositions differed significantly between the upper-middle-reach and downstream sites at all control sites, and also between the dam-affected and dam-controlled sites. In the cascade dam area, the relative importance of spatial distance and environmental heterogeneity for bacterial distribution differed between the dam-controlled and dam-affected sites. Spatial distance was the primary cause of variations in bacterial community in dam-controlled site. By contrast, the environmental heterogeneity had more control over the bacterial communities than did the spatial distance in dam-affected site. Network analysis showed that the bacterial community in the dam-affected sites had lower connectivity and stability when compared with that in dam-controlled sites. These results suggest the distinct variations in sediment bacterial community in dam-affected sites, which could enhance our understanding of potential ecological effects caused by dam construction.

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