Video_5_Chemomechanical Simulation of Microtubule Dynamics With Explicit Lateral Bond Dynamics.MP4 (2.99 MB)
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Video_5_Chemomechanical Simulation of Microtubule Dynamics With Explicit Lateral Bond Dynamics.MP4

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posted on 28.05.2021, 05:21 authored by Matthias Schmidt, Jan Kierfeld

We introduce and parameterize a chemomechanical model of microtubule dynamics on the dimer level, which is based on the allosteric tubulin model and includes attachment, detachment and hydrolysis of tubulin dimers as well as stretching of lateral bonds, bending at longitudinal junctions, and the possibility of lateral bond rupture and formation. The model is computationally efficient such that we reach sufficiently long simulation times to observe repeated catastrophe and rescue events at realistic tubulin concentrations and hydrolysis rates, which allows us to deduce catastrophe and rescue rates. The chemomechanical model also allows us to gain insight into microscopic features of the GTP-tubulin cap structure and microscopic structural features triggering microtubule catastrophes and rescues. Dilution simulations show qualitative agreement with experiments. We also explore the consequences of a possible feedback of mechanical forces onto the hydrolysis process and the GTP-tubulin cap structure.

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