Video_4_Computational Study of the Ion and Water Permeation and Transport Mechanisms of the SARS-CoV-2 Pentameric E Protein Channel.MP4 (4.63 MB)
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Video_4_Computational Study of the Ion and Water Permeation and Transport Mechanisms of the SARS-CoV-2 Pentameric E Protein Channel.MP4

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posted on 23.09.2020, 04:56 by Yipeng Cao, Rui Yang, Wei Wang, Imshik Lee, Ruiping Zhang, Wenwen Zhang, Jiana Sun, Bo Xu, Xiangfei Meng

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and represents the causative agent of a potentially fatal disease that is a public health emergency of international concern. Coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2, encode an envelope (E) protein, which is a small, hydrophobic membrane protein; the E protein of SARS-CoV-2 shares a high level of homology with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV). In this study, we provide insights into the function of the SARS-CoV-2 E protein channel and the ion and water permeation mechanisms using a combination of in silico methods. Based on our results, the pentameric E protein promotes the penetration of cation ions through the channel. An analysis of the potential mean force (PMF), pore radius and diffusion coefficient reveals that Leu10 and Phe19 are the hydrophobic gates of the channel. In addition, the pore exhibits a clear wetting/dewetting transition with cation selectivity under transmembrane voltage, indicating that it is a hydrophobic voltage-dependent channel. Overall, these results provide structure-based insights and molecular dynamic information that are needed to understand the regulatory mechanisms of ion permeability in the pentameric SARS-CoV-2 E protein channel.

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