Video_3_Spatial organization and early signaling of the B-cell receptor in CLL.mp4 (9.75 MB)

Video_3_Spatial organization and early signaling of the B-cell receptor in CLL.mp4

Download (9.75 MB)
posted on 2022-08-09, 21:32 authored by Yamit Shorer Arbel, Yotam Bronstein, Tali Dadosh, Talia Kamdjou, Shlomo Tsuriel, Mika Shapiro, Ben-Zion Katz, Yair Herishanu

Most chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) clones express B-cell receptors (BcR) of both IgM/IgD isotypes; however, 5%–10% of CLL cases express isotype-switched immunoglobulin G (IgG). The early signaling and spatial patterning of the various BcRs at steady state and after activation are still fully unresolved. Herein, we show higher expression of the BcR signalosome elements and a more robust constitutive cell-intrinsic proximal BcR signaling in CLL with unmutated IGHV expressing IgM isotype (IgM U-CLL), compared with IGHV-mutated CLL (M-CLL) expressing either IgM or IgG isotypes. IgM in U-CLL is frequently located in the membrane plane in polarized patches, occasionally in caps, and sometimes inside the cells. Among M-CLL, IgM is scattered laterally in the membrane plane in a similar pattern as seen in normal B cells, whereas IgG is dispersed around the cell membrane in smaller clusters than in IgM U-CLL. Upon BcR engagement, both IgG and IgM expressing M-CLL showed attenuated signaling and only slight spatial reorganization dynamics of BcR microclusters and internalization, compared with the extensive reorganization and internalization of the BcR in IgM expressing U-CLL. The global gene signature of IgG M-CLL was closely related to that of IgM M-CLL rather than IgM U-CLL. Overall, we report fundamental differences in the basal composition, biochemical status, and spatial organization of the BcR in the three examined immunogenetic CLL subtypes that correlate with their clinical behavior. On the basis of our findings, IgG class-switched M-CLL likely represents the same disease as IgM M-CLL rather than a different biological and/or clinical entity.