Video_3_Kinetic Analysis of the Motility of Giant Virus-Infected Amoebae Using Phase-Contrast Microscopic Images.MP4
Tracking cell motility is a useful tool for the study of cell physiology and microbiology. Although phase-contrast microscopy is commonly used, the existence of optical artifacts called “halo” and “shade-off” have inhibited image analysis of moving cells. Here we show kinetic image analysis of Acanthamoeba motility using a newly developed computer program named “Phase-contrast-based Kinetic Analysis Algorithm for Amoebae (PKA3),” which revealed giant-virus-infected amoebae-specific motilities and aggregation profiles using time-lapse phase-contrast microscopic images. This program quantitatively detected the time-dependent, sequential changes in cellular number, size, shape, and direction and distance of cell motility. This method expands the potential of kinetic analysis of cultured cells using versatile phase-contrast images. Furthermore, this program could be a useful tool for investigating detailed kinetic mechanisms of cell motility, not only in virus-infected amoebae but also in other cells, including cancer cells, immune response cells, and neurons.