Video_1_Working Memory Capacity of Biological Motion’s Basic Unit: Decomposing Biological Motion From the Perspective of Systematic Anatomy.WMV (44.62 kB)
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Video_1_Working Memory Capacity of Biological Motion’s Basic Unit: Decomposing Biological Motion From the Perspective of Systematic Anatomy.WMV

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posted on 22.03.2022, 04:14 by Chaoxian Wang, Yue Zhou, Congchong Li, Wenqing Tian, Yang He, Peng Fang, Yijun Li, Huiling Yuan, Xiuxiu Li, Bin Li, Xuelin Luo, Yun Zhang, Xufeng Liu, Shengjun Wu

Many studies have shown that about three biological motions (BMs) can be maintained in working memory. However, no study has yet analyzed the difficulties of experiment materials used, which partially affect the ecological validity of the experiment results. We use the perspective of system anatomy to decompose BM, and thoroughly explore the influencing factors of difficulties of BMs, including presentation duration, joints to execute motions, limbs to execute motions, type of articulation interference tasks, and number of joints and planes involved in the BM. We apply the change detection paradigm supplemented by the articulation interference task to measure the BM working memory capacity (WMC) of participants. Findings show the following: the shorter the presentation duration, the less participants remembered; the more their wrist moved, the less accurate their memory was; repeating verbs provided better results than did repeating numerals to suppress verbal encoding; the more complex the BM, the less participants remembered; and whether the action was executed by the handed limbs did not affect the WMC. These results indicate that there are many factors that can be used to adjust BM memory load. These factors can help sports psychology professionals to better evaluate the difficulty of BMs, and can also partially explain the differences in estimations of BM WMC in previous studies.

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