Video_1_Synchronizing Protein Traffic to the Primary Cilium.MP4 (2.45 MB)

Video_1_Synchronizing Protein Traffic to the Primary Cilium.MP4

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posted on 08.03.2019, 13:12 by Wladislaw Stroukov, Axel Rösch, Carsten Schwan, Abris Jeney, Winfried Römer, Roland Thuenauer

The primary cilium is able to maintain a specific protein composition, which is critical for its function as a signaling organelle. Here we introduce a system to synchronize biosynthetic trafficking of ciliary proteins that is based on conditional aggregation domains (CADs). This approach enables to create a wave of ciliary proteins that are transported together, which opens novel avenues for visualizing and studying ciliary import mechanisms. By using somatostatin receptor 3 (SSTR3) as model protein we studied intracellular transport and ciliary import with high temporal and spatial resolution in epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. This yielded the interesting discovery that SSTR3, besides being transported to the primary cilium, is also targeted to the basolateral plasma membrane. In addition, we found a similar behavior for another ciliary protein, nephrocystin-3 (NPHP3), thus suggesting a potential correlation between ciliary and basolateral trafficking. Furthermore, our CAD-based system allowed assembling a large dataset in which apical and basolateral surface SSTR3 signals could be compared to ciliary SSTR3 signals on a single cell level. This enabled to generate novel complementary evidence for the previously proposed lateral import mechanism of SSTR3 into the cilium along the plasma membrane.