Video_1_Optogenetic Stimulation of GABAergic Neurons in the Globus Pallidus Produces Hyperkinesia.MOV (6.35 MB)

Video_1_Optogenetic Stimulation of GABAergic Neurons in the Globus Pallidus Produces Hyperkinesia.MOV

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posted on 27.08.2018, 08:12 by Jun Tian, Yaping Yan, Wang Xi, Rui Zhou, Huifang Lou, Shumin Duan, Jiang Fan Chen, Baorong Zhang

The globus pallidus (GP) is emerging as a critical locus of basal ganglia control of motor activity, but the exact role of GABAergic GP neurons remain to be defined. By targeted expression of channelrhodopsin 2 (ChR2) in GABAergic neurons using the VGAT-ChR2-EYFP transgenic mice, we showed that optogenetic stimulation of GABAergic neurons in the right GP produced hyperkinesia. Optogenetic stimulation of GABAergic GP neurons increased c-Fos-positive cells in GP, M1 cortex, and caudate-putamen (CPu), and decreased c-Fos-positive cells in entopeduncular nucleus (EPN), compared to the contralateral hemisphere. In agreement with the canonical basal ganglia model. Furthermore, we delivered AAV-CaMKIIα-ChR2-mCherry virus to the excitatory neurons of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and selectively stimulated glutamatergic afferent fibers from the STN onto the GP. This optogenetic stimulation produced abnormal movements, similar to the behaviors that observed in the VGAT-ChR2-EYFP transgenic mice. Meanwhile, we found that the c-Fos expression pattern in the GP, M1, STN, EPN, and CPu produced by optogenetic activation of glutamatergic afferent fibers from the STN in GP was similar to the c-Fos expression pattern in the VGAT-ChR2-EYFP transgenic mice. Taken together, our results suggest that excess GP GABAergic neurons activity could be the neural substrate of abnormal involuntary movements in hyperkinetic movement disorders. The neural circuitry underlying the abnormal involuntary movements is associated with excessive GP, M1, CPu activity, and reduced EPN activity. Inhibition of GP GABAergic neurons represents new treatment targets for hyperkinetic movement disorder.

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