Video_1_Dynamics of Bacterial Signal Recognition Particle at a Single Molecule Level.AVI
We have studied the localization and dynamics of bacterial Ffh, part of the SRP complex, its receptor FtsY, and of ribosomes in the Gamma-proteobacterium Shewanella putrefaciens. Using structured illumination microscopy, we show that ribosomes show a pronounced accumulation at the cell poles, whereas SRP and FtsY are distributed at distinct sites along the cell membrane, but they are not accumulated at the poles. Single molecule dynamics can be explained by assuming that all three proteins/complexes move as three distinguishable mobility fractions: a low mobility/static fraction may be engaged in translation, medium-fast diffusing fractions may be transition states, and high mobility populations likely represent freely diffusing molecules/complexes. Diffusion constants suggest that SRP and FtsY move together with slow-mobile ribosomes. Inhibition of transcription leads to loss of static molecules and reduction of medium-mobile fractions, in favor of freely diffusing subunits, while inhibition of translation appears to stall the medium mobile fractions. Depletion of FtsY leads to aggregation of Ffh, but not to loss of the medium mobile fraction, indicating that Ffh/SRP can bind to ribosomes independently from FtsY. Heat maps visualizing the three distinct diffusive populations show that while static molecules are mostly clustered at the cell membrane, diffusive molecules are localized throughout the cytosol. The medium fast populations show an intermediate pattern of preferential localization, suggesting that SRP/FtsY/ribosome transition states may form within the cytosol to finally find a translocon.