Video2_Multi-Scale Flexible Fitting of Proteins to Cryo-EM Density Maps at Medium Resolution.mp4 (236.59 kB)

Video2_Multi-Scale Flexible Fitting of Proteins to Cryo-EM Density Maps at Medium Resolution.mp4

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posted on 23.03.2021, 09:41 by Marta Kulik, Takaharu Mori, Yuji Sugita

Structure determination using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) medium-resolution density maps is often facilitated by flexible fitting. Avoiding overfitting, adjusting force constants driving the structure to the density map, and emulating complex conformational transitions are major concerns in the fitting. To address them, we develop a new method based on a three-step multi-scale protocol. First, flexible fitting molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with coarse-grained structure-based force field and replica-exchange scheme between different force constants replicas are performed. Second, fitted Cα atom positions guide the all-atom structure in targeted MD. Finally, the all-atom flexible fitting refinement in implicit solvent adjusts the positions of the side chains in the density map. Final models obtained via the multi-scale protocol are significantly better resolved and more reliable in comparison with long all-atom flexible fitting simulations. The protocol is useful for multi-domain systems with intricate structural transitions as it preserves the secondary structure of single domains.

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