Video1_Fast Online Optimization for Terrain-Blind Bipedal Robot Walking With a Decoupled Actuated SLIP Model.MP4 (5.44 MB)
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Video1_Fast Online Optimization for Terrain-Blind Bipedal Robot Walking With a Decoupled Actuated SLIP Model.MP4

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posted on 18.02.2022, 04:11 authored by Ke Wang, Hengyi Fei, Petar Kormushev

We present an online optimization algorithm which enables bipedal robots to blindly walk over various kinds of uneven terrains while resisting pushes. The proposed optimization algorithm performs high-level motion planning of footstep locations and center-of-mass height variations using the decoupled actuated spring-loaded inverted pendulum (aSLIP) model. The decoupled aSLIP model simplifies the original aSLIP with linear inverted pendulum (LIP) dynamics in horizontal states and spring dynamics in the vertical state. The motion planning can be formulated as a discrete-time model predictive control (MPC) problem and solved at a frequency of 1 kHz. The output of the motion planner is fed into an inverse-dynamics–based whole body controller for execution on the robot. A key result of this controller is that the feet of the robot are compliant, which further extends the robot’s ability to be robust to unobserved terrain variations. We evaluate our method in simulation with the bipedal robot SLIDER. The results show that the robot can blindly walk over various uneven terrains including slopes, wave fields, and stairs. It can also resist pushes of up to 40 N for a duration of 0.1 s while walking on uneven terrains.

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