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posted on 26.03.2018, 04:10 by David Van Laere, Michiel Voeten, John M. O’ Toole, Eugene Dempsey

Echocardiography and near-infrared spectroscopy have significantly changed our view on hemodynamic transition of the extreme preterm infant. Instead of focusing on maintaining an arbitrary target value of blood pressure, we aim for circulatory well-being by a comprehensive holistic assessment of markers of cardiovascular instability. Most of these clinical and biochemical indices are influenced by transition itself and remain poor discriminators to identify patients with a potential need for therapeutic intervention. At the same time, the evolution in data capturing and storage has led to a change in our approach to monitor vital parameters. Continuous trend monitoring has become more and more relevant. By using signal extraction methods, changes in trends over time can be quantified. In this review, we will discuss the impact of these innovations on the current monitoring practices and explore some of the potential benefits these techniques may have in improving real-time detection of extreme low birth weight infants at risk for morbidity related to impaired hemodynamic transition.

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