image_1_Integrin αDβ2 (CD11d/CD18) Modulates Leukocyte Accumulation, Pathogen Clearance, and Pyroptosis in Experimental Salmonella Typhimurium Infection.pdf (139.55 kB)

image_1_Integrin αDβ2 (CD11d/CD18) Modulates Leukocyte Accumulation, Pathogen Clearance, and Pyroptosis in Experimental Salmonella Typhimurium Infection.pdf

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posted on 24.05.2018 by Danielle de Oliveira Nascimento, Adriana Vieira-de-Abreu, Angélica F. Arcanjo, Patricia Torres Bozza, Guy A. Zimmerman, Hugo Caire Castro-Faria-Neto

β2 integrins are critical in host defense responses to invading pathogens and inflammation. Previously, we reported that genetic deficiency of integrin αDβ2 in mice altered outcomes in experimental systemic infections including accelerated mortality in animals infected with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Here, we show that deficiency of αDβ2 results in impaired accumulation of leukocytes in response to peritoneal infection by S. Typhimurium, impaired pathogen clearance in vivo, defective bacterial elimination by cultured peritoneal macrophages, and enhanced pyroptosis, a cell death process triggered by Salmonella. Salmonella-infected animals deficient in αDβ2 had increased levels of peritoneal cytokines in addition to other markers of pyroptosis, which may contribute to inflammatory injury and increased mortality in the context of impaired bacterial killing. These observations indicate important contributions of leukocyte integrins to the host response in experimental Salmonella infection and reveal previous activities of αDβ2 in bacterial infection.

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