image1_Protective Effects of Inhibition of Mitochondrial Fission on Organ Function After Sepsis.pdf (133.15 kB)
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image1_Protective Effects of Inhibition of Mitochondrial Fission on Organ Function After Sepsis.pdf

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posted on 08.09.2021, 04:50 authored by Yu Zhu, Lei Kuang, Yue Wu, Haoyue Deng, Han She, Yuanqun Zhou, Jie Zhang, Liangming Liu, Tao Li

Sepsis-associated organ dysfunction plays a critical role in its high mortality, mainly in connection with mitochondrial dysfunction. Whether the inhibition of mitochondrial fission is beneficial to sepsis-related organ dysfunction and underlying mechanisms are unknown. Cecal ligation and puncture induced sepsis in rats and dynamic related protein 1 knockout mice, lipopolysaccharide-treated vascular smooth muscle cells and cardiomyocytes, were used to explore the effects of inhibition of mitochondrial fission and specific mechanisms. Our study showed that mitochondrial fission inhibitor Mdivi-1 could antagonize sepsis-induced organ dysfunction including heart, vascular smooth muscle, liver, kidney, and intestinal functions, and prolonged animal survival. The further study showed that mitochondrial functions such as mitochondrial membrane potential, adenosine-triphosphate contents, reactive oxygen species, superoxide dismutase and malonaldehyde were recovered after Mdivi-1 administration via improving mitochondrial morphology. And sepsis-induced inflammation and apoptosis in heart and vascular smooth muscle were alleviated through inhibition of mitochondrial fission and mitochondrial function improvement. The parameter trends in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated cardiomyocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells were similar in vivo. Dynamic related protein 1 knockout preserved sepsis-induced organ dysfunction, and the animal survival was prolonged. Taken together, this finding provides a novel effective candidate therapy for severe sepsis/septic shock and other critical clinical diseases.

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