Image_9_An upgraded method of high-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C 3.0) in cotton (Gossypium spp.).pdf
High-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) technology has been applied to explore the chromatin interactions and shed light on the biological functions of three-dimensional genomic features. However, it remains challenging to guarantee the high quality of Hi-C library in plants and hence the reliable capture of chromatin structures, especially loops, due to insufficient fragmentation and low efficiency of proximity ligations. To overcome these deficiencies, we optimized the parameters of the Hi-C protocol, principally the cross-linking agents and endonuclease fragmentation strategy. The double cross-linkers (FA+DSG) and double restriction enzymes (DpnII+DdeI) were utilized. Thus, a systematic in situ Hi-C protocol was designed using plant tissues embedded with comprehensive quality controls to monitor the library construction. This upgraded method, termed Hi-C 3.0, was applied to cotton leaves for trial. In comparison with the conventional Hi-C 2.0, Hi-C 3.0 can obtain more than 50% valid contacts at a given sequencing depth to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. Hi-C 3.0 can furthermore enhance the capturing of loops almost as twice as that of Hi-C 2.0. In addition, Hi-C 3.0 showed higher efficiency of compartment detection and identified compartmentalization more accurately. In general, Hi-C 3.0 contributes to the advancement of the Hi-C method in plants by promoting its capability on decoding the chromatin organization.