Image_7_Expression Profiles and Prognostic Value of Multiple Inhibitory Checkpoints in Head and Neck Lymphoepithelioma-Like Carcinoma.jpg (94.12 kB)
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Image_7_Expression Profiles and Prognostic Value of Multiple Inhibitory Checkpoints in Head and Neck Lymphoepithelioma-Like Carcinoma.jpg

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posted on 24.01.2022, 04:27 authored by Wen-Qing Zou, Wei-Jie Luo, Yan-Fen Feng, Fang Liu, Shao-Bo Liang, Xue-Liang Fang, Ye-Lin Liang, Na Liu, Ya-Qin Wang, Yan-Ping Mao
Background

Inhibitory checkpoints are promising antitumor targets and predictive biomarkers in a variety of cancers. We aimed to identify the expression levels and prognostic value of multiple inhibitory checkpoints supported by preclinical and clinical evidence in head and neck lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (HNLELC).

Methods

The expression of seven inhibitory checkpoints were evaluated in the tumor nest (TN) and tumor stroma (TS) of 102 HNLELC specimens using immunohistochemistry and digital pathology, and an inhibitory checkpoint-based signature (ICS) was subsequently constructed using the LASSO Cox regression model.

Results

PD-L1, B7H3, and IDO-1 were mostly expressed in the TN, with median H-score of TN vs TS: 63.6 vs 14.6; 8.1 vs 1.0; 61.5 vs 34.7 (all P < 0.001), whereas PD-1, TIM-3, LAG-3, and VISTA were mainly observed in the TS, with median H-score of TN vs TS: 0.2 vs 12.4, 3.4 vs 7.1, 6.2 vs 11.9, 16.4 vs 47.2 (all P < 0.001), respectively. The most common simultaneously expressed combinations consisted of PD-L1 + B7H3 + IDO-1 + TIM-3 + LAG-3 + VISTA and B7H3 + IDO-1 + TIM-3 + LAG-3 in the TN (both occurring in 8.8% of patients) and PD-L1 + B7H3 + IDO-1 in the TS (4.9%). In addition, high-ICS patients had shorter 5-year disease-free (40.6% vs 81.7%; P < 0.001), regional recurrence-free (63.5% vs 88.2%; P = 0.003), and overall survival (73.5% vs 92.9%; P = 0.006) than low-ICS patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that ICS represented an independent predictor, which could significantly complement the predictive performance of TNM stage for 3-year (AUC 0.724 vs 0.619, P = 0.014), 5-year (AUC 0.727 vs 0.640, P = 0.056), and 10-year disease-free survival (AUC 0.815 vs 0.709, P = 0.023).

Conclusions

The expression of inhibitory checkpoints and ICS classifier may increase the prognostic value of the TNM staging system and guide the rational design of personalized inhibitory checkpoint blockade therapy in HNLELC.

History

References