Image_7_Cholecystectomy Damages Aging-Associated Intestinal Microbiota Construction.TIF
The intestinal microbiome is essential in humans to maintain physiological balance and nutrition metabolism. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to gallstone disease and cholecystitis can cause intestinal microbial dysbiosis, and following bile acid metabolism dysfunction, positions the patient at high risk of colorectal cancer. However, little is known regarding intestinal microbiota characteristics in post-cholecystectomy patients. Here, we compared the microbial composition of cholecystectomy patients with that of a healthy population. We determined that cholecystectomy eliminated aging-associated fecal commensal microbiota and further identified several bile acid metabolism-related bacteria as contributors of colorectal cancer incidence via elevation of secondary bile acids.Significance statement
We identified aging-associated fecal microbiota in a healthy population, which was lost in cholecystectomy patients. Absent intestinal bacteria, such as Bacteroides, were negatively related to secondary bile acids and may be a leading cause of colorectal cancer incidence in cholecystectomy patients. Our study provides novel insight into the connection between cholecystectomy-altered gut microbiota and colorectal carcinoma, which is of value for colorectal cancer diagnosis and management.