Image_7_A TP53-Associated Immune Prognostic Signature for the Prediction of Overall Survival and Therapeutic Responses in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Canc.tif (265.2 kB)
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Image_7_A TP53-Associated Immune Prognostic Signature for the Prediction of Overall Survival and Therapeutic Responses in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer.tif

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posted on 17.12.2020, 09:17 by Xiangkun Wu, Daojun Lv, Chao Cai, Zhijian Zhao, Ming Wang, Wenzhe Chen, Yongda Liu
Background

TP53 gene mutation is one of the most common mutations in human bladder cancer (BC) and has been implicated in the progression and prognosis of BC.

Methods

RNA sequencing data and TP53 mutation data in different populations and platforms were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to determine and validate a TP53-associated immune prognostic signature (TIPS) based on differentially expressed immune-related genes (DEIGs) between muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients with and without TP53 mutations.

Results

A total of 99 DEIGs were identified based on TP53 mutation status. TIPS including ORM1, PTHLH, and CTSE were developed and validated to identify high-risk prognostic group who had a poorer prognosis than low-risk prognostic group in TCGA and GEO database. The high-risk prognostic group were characterized by a higher abundance of regulatory T cells, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and tumor-associated macrophages than the low-risk prognostic group. Moreover, they exhibited a lower abundance of CD56bright NK cells, higher expression of CTLA4, LAG3, PDCD1, TIGIT, and HAVCR2, as well as being more likely to respond to anti–PD-1, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy than the low-risk prognostic group. Based on TIPS and other clinical characteristics, a nomogram was constructed for clinical use.

Conclusion

TIPS derived from TP53 mutation status is a potential prognostic signature or therapeutic target but additional prospective studies are necessary to confirm this potential.

History

References