Image_6_WASF2 Serves as a Potential Biomarker and Therapeutic Target in Ovarian Cancer: A Pan-Cancer Analysis.tif
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein family member 2 (WASF2) has been shown to play an important role in many types of cancer. Therefore, it is worthwhile to further study expression profile of WASF2 in human cancer, which provides new molecular clues about the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer.Methods
We used a series of bioinformatics methods to comprehensively analyze the relationship between WASF2 and prognosis, tumor microenvironment (TME), immune infiltration, tumor mutational burden (TMB), microsatellite instability (MSI), and tried to find the potential biological processes of WASF2 in ovarian cancer. Biological behaviors of ovarian cancer cells were investigated through CCK8 assay, scratch test and transwell assay. We also compared WASF2 expression between epithelial ovarian cancer tissues and normal ovarian tissues by using immunohistochemical staining.Results
In the present study, we found that WASF2 was abnormally expressed across the diverse cancer and significantly correlated with overall survival (OS) and progression-free interval (PFI). More importantly, the WASF2 expression level also significantly related to the TME. Our results also showed that the expression of WASF2 was closely related to immune infiltration and immune-related genes. In addition, WASF2 expression was associated with TMB, MSI, and antitumor drugs sensitivity across various cancer types. Functional bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that the WASF2 might be involved in several signaling pathways and biological processes of ovarian cancer. A risk factor model was found to be predictive for OS in ovarian cancer based on the expression of WASF2. Moreover, in vitro experiments, it was demonstrated that the proliferative, migratory and invasive capacity of ovarian cancer cells was significantly inhibited due to WASF2 knockdown. Finally, the immunohistochemistry data confirmed that WASF2 were highly expressed in ovarian cancer.Conclusions
Our study demonstrated that WASF2 expression was associated with a poor prognosis and may be involved in the development of ovarian cancer, which might be explored as a potential prognostic marker and new targeted treatments.