Image_6_Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Alter the Immunopeptidome Landscape by Modulation of HLA-B Expression.JPEG (432.59 kB)

Image_6_Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Alter the Immunopeptidome Landscape by Modulation of HLA-B Expression.JPEG

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posted on 18.02.2019, 04:29 by Aaron Javitt, Eilon Barnea, Matthias P. Kramer, Hila Wolf-Levy, Yishai Levin, Arie Admon, Yifat Merbl

Antigen presentation on HLA molecules is a major mechanism by which the immune system monitors self and non-self-recognition. Importantly, HLA-I presentation has gained much attention through its role in eliciting anti-tumor immunity. Several determinants controlling the peptides presented on HLA have been uncovered, mainly through the study of model substrates and large-scale immunopeptidome analyses. These determinants include the relative abundances of proteins in the cell, the stability or turnover rate of these proteins and the binding affinities of a given peptide to the HLA haplotypes found in a cell. However, the regulatory principles involved in selection and regulation of specific antigens in response to tumor pro-inflammatory signals remain largely unknown. Here, we chose to examine the effect that TNFα and IFNγ stimulation may exert on the immunopeptidome landscape of lung cancer cells. We show that the expression of many of the proteins involved in the class I antigen presentation pathway are changed by pro-inflammatory cytokines. Further, we could show that increased expression of the HLA-B allomorph drives a significant change in HLA-bound antigens, independently of the significant changes observed in the cellular proteome. Finally, we observed increased HLA-B levels in correlation with tumor infiltration across the TCGA lung cancer cohorts. Taken together, our results suggest that the immunopeptidome landscape should be examined in the context of anti-tumor immunity whereby signals in the microenvironment may be critical in shaping and modulating this important aspect of host-tumor interactions.

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