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posted on 19.07.2021, 05:38 authored by Xingyu Chen, Hua Lan, Dong He, Runshi Xu, Yao Zhang, Yaxin Cheng, Haotian Chen, Songshu Xiao, Ke Cao
Background

Ovarian cancer (OC) has the highest mortality rate among gynecologic malignancy. Hypoxia is a driver of the malignant progression in OC, which results in poor prognosis. We herein aimed to develop a validated model that was based on the hypoxia genes to systematically evaluate its prognosis in tumor immune microenvironment (TIM).

Results

We identified 395 hypoxia-immune genes using weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). We then established a nine hypoxia-related genes risk model using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression, which efficiently distinguished high-risk patients from low-risk ones. We found that high-risk patients were significantly related to poor prognosis. The high-risk group showed unique immunosuppressive microenvironment, lower antigen presentation, and higher levels of inhibitory cytokines. There were also significant differences in somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs) and mutations between the high- and low-risk groups, indicating immune escape in the high-risk group. Tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) and SubMap algorithms showed that low-risk patients are significantly responsive to programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitors.

Conclusions

In this study, we highlighted the clinical significance of hypoxia in OC and established a hypoxia-related model for predicting prognosis and providing potential immunotherapy strategies.

History

References