Image_6_Marine Archaeon Methanosarcina acetivorans Enhances Polyphosphate Metabolism Under Persistent Cadmium Stress.TIF (853.5 kB)
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posted on 24.10.2019, 04:03 authored by Ricardo Jasso-Chávez, Elizabeth Lira-Silva, Kasia González-Sánchez, Violeta Larios-Serrato, Diana Lucía Mendoza-Monzoy, Fernando Pérez-Villatoro, Enrique Morett, Alicia Vega-Segura, M. Eugenia Torres-Márquez, Armando Zepeda-Rodríguez, Rafael Moreno-Sánchez

Phosphate metabolism was studied to determine whether polyphosphate (polyP) pools play a role in the enhanced resistance against Cd2+ and metal-removal capacity of Cd2+-preadapted (CdPA) Methanosarcina acetivorans. Polyphosphate kinase (PPK), exopolyphosphatase (PPX) and phosphate transporter transcript levels and their activities increased in CdPA cells compared to control (Cnt) cells. K+ inhibited recombinant Ma-PPK and activated Ma-PPX, whereas divalent cations activated both enzymes. Metal-binding polyP and thiol-containing molecule contents, Cd2+-removal, and biofilm synthesis were significantly higher in CdPA cells >Cnt cells plus a single addition of Cd2+>Cnt cells. Also, CdPA cells showed a higher number of cadmium, sulfur, and phosphorus enriched-acidocalcisomes than control cells. Biochemical and physiological phenotype exhibited by CdPA cells returned to that of Cnt cells when cultured without Cd2+. Furthermore, no differences in the sequenced genomes upstream and downstream of the genes involved in Cd2+ resistance were found between CdPA and Cnt cells, suggesting phenotype loss rather than genome mutations induced by chronic Cd2+-exposure. Instead, a metabolic adaptation induced by Cd2+ stress was apparent. The dynamic ability of M. acetivorans to change its metabolism, depending on the environmental conditions, may be advantageous to remove cadmium in nature and biodigesters.

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