Image_6_Impact of Extracellular Matrix Components to Renal Cell Carcinoma Behavior.TIF
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents the main renal tumors and are highly metastatic. They are heterogeneous tumors and are subdivided in 12 different subtypes where clear cell RCC (ccRCC) represents the main subtype. Tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) is composed, in RCC, mainly of different fibrillar collagens, fibronectin, and components of the basement membrane such as laminin, collagen IV, and heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Little is known about the role of these ECM components on RCC cell behavior. Analysis from The Human Protein Atlas dataset shows that high collagen 1 or 4A2, fibronectin, entactin, or syndecan 3 expression is associated with poor prognosis whereas high collagen 4A3, syndecan 4, or glypican 4 expression is associated with increased patient survival. We then analyzed the impact of collagen 1, fibronectin 1 or Matrigel on three different RCC cell lines (Renca, 786-O and Caki-2) in vitro. We found that all the different matrices have little effect on RCC cell proliferation. The three cell lines adhere differently on the three matrices, suggesting the involvement of a different set of integrins. Among the 3 matrices tested, collagen 1 is the only component able to increase migration in the three cell lines as well as MMP-2 and 9 activity. Moreover, collagen 1 induces MMP-2 mRNA expression and is implicated in the epithelial to mesenchymal transition of two RCC cell lines via Zeb2 (Renca) or Snail 2 (Caki-2) mRNA expression. Taken together, our results show that collagen 1 is the main component of the ECM that enhances tumor cell invasion in RCC, which is important for the metastasic process.
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