Image_6_Analysis of the PD-1 Ligands Among Gastrointestinal Cancer Patients: Focus on Cancer Immunity.TIF (267.48 kB)
Download file

Image_6_Analysis of the PD-1 Ligands Among Gastrointestinal Cancer Patients: Focus on Cancer Immunity.TIF

Download (267.48 kB)
figure
posted on 23.03.2021, 05:13 authored by Lin Dai, Zilin Huang, Wang Li

Many types of gastrointestinal cancer have shown promising outcomes after checkpoint blockade immunotherapy; however, it remains largely unclear about the expression profiles of programmed death 1 (PD-1) ligands (CD274 and PDCD1LG2) in the context of human pan-cancer. This work comprehensively analyzed the expression pattern of the PD-1 ligands and the clinical significance in the prognosis prediction among the seven types of gastrointestinal malignancies collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) database. Furthermore, the correlation of CD274/PDCD1LG2 with cancer immunity was also explored. The patients with liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) receiving cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cell immunotherapy at our cancer center were enrolled. CD274 and PDCD1LG2 displayed inconsistent gene expression levels among the diverse cancer cell lines. Typically, the abnormal expression level of CD274 and PDCD1LG2 was detected in both esophageal carcinoma (ESCA) and stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD), where PDCD1LG2 was related to the overall survival (OS) of the patients in ESCA (p = 0.015) and STAD (p = 0.025). High-serum CD274 and PDCD1LG2 levels predicted a worse survival in the patients with LIHC receiving CIK therapy. More importantly, the expression level of CD274 and PDCD1LG2 was significantly correlated with the degree of Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignant Tumor tissues using the Expression data (ESTIMATE). In addition, we found that CD274 and PDCD1LG2 were correlated with gene markers in tumor-infiltrating immune cells. Furthermore, the expression of CD274 and PDCD1LG2 was correlated with tumor mutation burden (TMB), microsatellite instability (MSI), mismatch repair (MMR), and DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) of different types of cancers. The present work comprehensively analyzed a RNA sequencing of the PD-1 ligands across the seven distinct types of gastrointestinal cancers, which provided clues for further studies in cancer immunity and development.

History