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posted on 19.03.2020, 04:19 authored by Aoshuang Cheng, Jinghe Lang

Objective: This study aimed at comprehensively investigating the survival impact of lymphadenectomy during primary surgery in ovarian cancer.

Methods: Based on the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results registry (SEER) database, we included ovarian cancer patients with detailed information between 2010 and 2016. Cox regression was performed to select prognostic factors. We conducted propensity score-weighted survival analysis to balance baseline variables, and series of stratified analyses to control main confounding factors.

Results: A total of 8,652 patients were ultimately identified. Among 4,360 patients with advanced disease, lymphadenectomy did not show significant survival benefit in general (median overall survival 44 months in non-lymphadenectomy vs. 49 months in lymphadenectomy group, P = 0.055). In subgroup analysis on patients received optimal debulking, lymphadenectomy did not significantly benefit the survival outcome (median overall survival 51, 47, 60, and 58 months in the non-lymphadenectomy, 1–9 lymph nodes, 10–19 lymph nodes, ≥20 lymph nodes groups, respectively, P = 0.287). Consistent results were observed in further stratification analyses. In optimal debulking subgroup, lymph node metastasis indicated worse survival. However, when limited the number of removed lymph nodes to more than 15, there was a marginal statistical difference in overall survival (P = 0.0498) while no significant difference presented in cause-specific survival (P = 0.129) between non-lymphadenectomy, pathological negative lymph node group and positive lymph node group. And the regions of lymph metastasis were also not significantly associate with survival (P = 0.123). Among 3,266 (75%) patients with apparent early-stage disease received lymphadenectomy, 7.75% of whom were reported isolated lymph nodes metastasis and have a poorer survival (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: In primary debulking for patients with advanced ovarian cancer, lymphadenectomy was not associated with more favorable outcomes when compared to no lymphadenectomy. The value of lymphadenectomy lies more in staging for apparent early disease rather than therapeutic benefit.