Image_5_Nomograms Predicting Survival of Cervical Cancer Patients Treated With Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Based on the 2018 FIGO Staging System.tif
In 2018, a revised staging system was released for cervical cancer, which defined pelvic and paraaortic lymph node metastasis as stages IIIC1 and IIIC2, respectively. In this study, we constructed and validated nomograms to predict the 3- and 5-year survival of patients with cervical cancer based on the revised International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system.Methods
We retrospectively examined patients with 2009 FIGO stage IB–IVA cervical cancer who were treated at our institute between 2011 and 2015. Patients were randomized into the model development and validation cohorts (2:1). Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted for the model development cohort to identify prognostic factors. In the multivariate analysis, nomograms were built to predict overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) using significant variables. The nomograms were assessed based on the discrimination and calibration in both cohorts. Discrimination was assessed using the concordance index. Calibration was performed by comparing the mean nomogram estimated survival and the mean observed survival.Results
We included 1,192 patients, with 795 and 397 patients in the model development and validation cohorts, respectively. In the model development cohort, the median follow-up period was 49.2 months. After multivariate analysis, age, histology, 2018 FIGO stage, and pelvic lymph node number were independent factors for OS. Histology, 2018 FIGO stage, squamous cell carcinoma antigen, and pelvic lymph node number were significant predictors of DFS. The nomograms constructed to predict OS and DFS were based on these factors. In both model cohorts, the concordance index for the nomogram-predicted OS and DFS was 0.78 and 0.75 and 0.74 and 0.67, respectively. The calibration curve revealed good agreement between the nomogram predictions and actual values.Conclusion
We constructed robust nomograms to predict the OS and DFS of patients with cervical cancer undergoing treatment with concurrent chemoradiotherapy based on the 2018 FIGO staging system.