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Image_5_Establishing a Prognostic Model Based on Ulceration and Immune Related Genes in Melanoma Patients and Identification of EIF3B as a Therapeutic Target.tif

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posted on 22.02.2022, 04:17 by Zhengquan Wu, Ke Lei, Sheng Xu, Jiali He, Enxian Shi

Ulceration and immune status are independent prognostic factors for survival in melanoma patients. Herein univariate Cox regression analysis revealed 53 ulcer-immunity-related DEGs. We performed consensus clustering to divide The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort (n = 467) into three subtypes with different prognosis and biological functions, followed by validation in three merged Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) cohorts (n = 399). Multiomics approach was used to assess differences among the subtypes. Cluster 3 showed relatively lesser amplification and expression of immune checkpoint genes. Moreover, Cluster 3 lacked immune-related pathways and immune cell infiltration, and had higher proportion of non-responders to immunotherapy. We also constructed a prognostic model based on ulceration and immune related genes in melanoma. EIF3B was a hub gene in the intersection between genes specific to Cluster 3 and those pivotal for melanoma growth (DepMap, https://depmap.org/portal/download/). High EIF3B expression in TCGA and GEO datasets was related to worst prognosis. In vitro models revealed that EIF3B knockdown inhibited melanoma cell migration and invasion, and decreased TGF-β1 level in supernatant compared with si-NC cells. EIF3B expression was negatively correlated with immune-related signaling pathways, immune cell gene signatures, and immune checkpoint gene expression. Moreover, its low expression could predict partial response to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. To summarize, we established a prognostic model for melanoma and identified the role of EIF3B in melanoma progression and immunotherapy resistance development.

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