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Image_5_EMG biofeedback combined with rehabilitation training may be the best physical therapy for improving upper limb motor function and relieving p.TIF (615.55 kB)

Image_5_EMG biofeedback combined with rehabilitation training may be the best physical therapy for improving upper limb motor function and relieving pain in patients with the post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome: A Bayesian network meta-analysis.TIF

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posted on 2023-01-10, 05:52 authored by Sisi Feng, Mingzhi Tang, Gan Huang, JuMei Wang, Sijin He, Duo Liu, LiHua Gu
Background

Post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS), although not a life-threatening condition, may be the most distressing and disabling problem for stroke survivors. Thus, it is essential to identify effective treatment strategies. Physical therapy is used as a first-line option for treating SHS; however, it is unclear which treatment option is preferred, which creates confusion in guiding clinical practice. Our study aims to guide clinical treatment by identifying the most effective physical therapy interventions for improving clinical symptoms in patients with post-stroke SHS using Bayesian network meta-analysis.

Methods

We conducted a systematic and comprehensive search of data from randomized controlled trials using physical therapy in patients with SHS from database inception to 1 July 2022. Fugl-Meyer Upper Extremity Motor Function Scale (FMA-UE) and pain visual analog score (VAS) were used as primary and secondary outcome indicators. R (version 4.1.3) and STATA (version 16.0) software were used to analyze the data.

Results

A total of 45 RCTs with 3,379 subjects were included, and the intervention efficacy of 7 physical factor therapies (PFT) combined with rehabilitation training (RT) was explored. Compared with the control group, all the PFT + RT included were of statistical benefit in improving limb motor function and pain relief. Also, our study indicated that EMG biofeedback combined with RT (BFT + RT) [the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) = 96.8%] might be the best choice for patients with post-stroke SHS.

Conclusion

EMG biofeedback combined with rehabilitation training may be the best physical therapy for improving upper limb motor function and relieving pain in patients with post-stroke SHS according to our Bayesian network meta-analysis results. However, the above conclusions need further analysis and validation by more high-quality RCTs.

Systematic review registration

www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier: CRD42022348743.

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