Image_5_Conditional Knockout of Raptor/mTORC1 Results in Dentin Malformation.jpeg (215.95 kB)
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Image_5_Conditional Knockout of Raptor/mTORC1 Results in Dentin Malformation.jpeg

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posted on 2019-03-29, 10:57 authored by Furong Xie, Qinggang Dai, Xiao Liu, Jun Wang

mTORC1 signaling plays an important role in extracellular and intracellular signals, including growth factors, nutrients, energy metabolism, and stress. However, the functional role of mTORC1 in dentinogenesis is unknown. To study the role of Raptor/mTORC1 in dentinogenesis, an Raptorfl/fl; Osx-Cre (Rap-Osx) mouse, in which Raptor was conditionally deleted in odontoblasts and dental mesenchymal cells, was generated, and postnatal tooth development was compared between Rap-Osx mice and control littermates. Rap-Osx mice presented a phenotype known as dentinogenesis imperfecta and had smaller tooth volume, a thinner dentin layer and a larger pulp chamber. The proliferation and differentiation of odontoblasts/preodontoblasts were attenuated in mutant mice, which was likely responsible for the defects in dentinogenesis. Raptor/mTORC1-pS6K1 signaling was inactivated during tooth development in Rap-Osx mice, whereas it was activated in control mice. These results indicate that Raptor/mTORC1 plays a critical role in dentinogenesis via promoting odontoblasts/preodontoblasts proliferation and differentiation. Raptor/mTORC1 might regulate tooth development through the pS6K1 signaling pathway.