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posted on 23.09.2021, 04:35 authored by Silvia Pineda, Evangelina López de Maturana, Katharine Yu, Akshay Ravoor, Inés Wood, Núria Malats, Marina Sirota
Background

Infiltrating B and T cells have been observed in several tumor tissues, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The majority known PDAC risk factors point to a chronic inflammatory process leading to different forms of immunological infiltration. Understanding pancreatic tumor infiltration may lead to improved knowledge of this devastating disease.

Methods

We extracted the immunoglobulins (IGs) and T cell receptors (TCRs) from RNA-sequencing of 144 PDAC from TCGA and 180 pancreatic normal tissue from GTEx. We used Shannon entropy to find differences in IG/TCR diversity. We performed a clonotype analysis considering the IG clone definition (same V and J segments, same CDR3 length, and 90% nucleotide identity between CDR3s) to study differences among the tumor samples. Finally, we performed an association analysis to find host and tumor factors associated with the IG/TCR.

Results

PDAC presented a richer and more diverse IG and TCR infiltration than normal pancreatic tissue. A higher IG infiltration was present in heavy smokers and females and it was associated with better overall survival. In addition, specific IG clonotypes classified samples with better prognosis explaining 24% of the prognosis phenotypic variance. On the other hand, a larger TCR infiltration was present in patients with previous history of diabetes and was associated with lower nonantigen load.

Conclusions

Our findings support PDAC subtyping according to its immune repertoire landscape with a potential impact on the understanding of the inflammatory basis of PDAC risk factors as well as the design of treatment options and prognosis monitoring.

History

References