Image_4_Overall Survival of Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic BRAF V600-Mutant Acral/Cutaneous Melanoma Administered Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib.jpg (165.19 kB)
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Image_4_Overall Survival of Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic BRAF V600-Mutant Acral/Cutaneous Melanoma Administered Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib: Long-Term Follow-Up of a Multicenter, Single-Arm Phase IIa Trial.jpg

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posted on 24.08.2021, 11:57 by Lili Mao, Ya Ding, Xue Bai, Xinan Sheng, Jie Dai, Zhihong Chi, Chuanliang Cui, Yan Kong, Yun Fan, Yanjun Xu, Xuan Wang, Bixia Tang, Bin Lian, Xieqiao Yan, Siming Li, Li Zhou, Xiaoting Wei, Caili Li, Jun Guo, Xiaoshi Zhang, Lu Si
Objectives

To examine the long-term survival outcome of dabrafenib in combination with trametinib in Chinese patients with unresectable or metastatic acral/cutaneous melanoma with BRAF-V600 mutation and to explore potential predictors of effectiveness.

Methods

This was a long-term follow-up of Chinese patients with unresectable or metastatic BRAF V600-mutant acral/cutaneous melanoma administered dabrafenib (150 mg twice daily) plus trametinib (2 mg once daily) in an open-label, multicenter, single-arm, phase IIa study (NCT02083354). Efficacy endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), duration of response (DOR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). The impacts of baseline characteristics on PFS and OS were analyzed.

Results

A total of sixty patients were included. The median age was 48 years, and 24 patients (40.0%) were male. Totally 12 individuals (20.0%) had acral melanoma, and 45 (75.0%) had failed previous systemic therapy. Up to July 2020, the median duration of follow-up was 37.0 (95% confidence interval [CI] 29.1-44.9) months. The updated ORR was 71.7% (95%CI 60.3%-83.1%). The 3-year OS rate was 28.8% (95%CI 19.1-43.6%) in the overall population, and 35.7% (95%CI 15.5–82.4%) in acral melanoma patients. The median DOR was 7.5 months (95%CI 4.5 to 10.5). Baseline normal lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), metastatic organ sites<3 and complete response to combination therapy with dabrafenib plus trametinib were associated with improved PFS and OS.

Conclusion

Dabrafenib combined with trametinib confer long-term survival in Chinese patients with BRAF V600-mutant, unresectable or metastatic acral/cutaneous melanoma.

Clinical Trial Registration

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02083354, identifier NCT02083354.

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