Image_4_Molecular and Immunohistochemical Expression of LTA4H and FXR1 in Canine Oral Melanoma.tif (4.6 MB)
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Image_4_Molecular and Immunohistochemical Expression of LTA4H and FXR1 in Canine Oral Melanoma.tif

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posted on 13.12.2021, 04:44 authored by Laura Nordio, Chiara Bazzocchi, Francesca Genova, Valentina Serra, Maria Longeri, Giovanni Franzo, Marco Rondena, Damiano Stefanello, Chiara Giudice

Oral melanoma is a common canine tumor whose prognosis is considered ominous, but poorly predicted by histology alone. In the present study the gene and protein expression of Leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H) and Fragile-X-mental retardation-related protein1 (FXR1), both reported as related to metastatic potential in different tumors, were investigated in canine oral melanoma. The main aim of the study was to confirm and quantify the presence of LTA4H and FXR1 genes and protein in oral melanomas. A secondary aim was to investigate their association with histologic prognostic criteria (mitotic count, Ki-67 index). Formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded canine oral melanomas (36) were collected and histopathological evaluation carried out. Immunolabelling for LTA4H and FXR1 and Ki-67 were performed. RT-PCR evaluated LTA4H and FXR1 gene expressions. Histologically, most tumors were epithelioid cell melanomas (19/36) and were amelanotic, mildly or moderately pigmented (5, 12 and 13/36 respectively), only 6 were highly pigmented. Mitotic count ranged 1-106, Ki-67 index ranged 4.5–52.3. Thirty-two (32/32) melanomas immunolabelled for LTA4H and 33/34 for FXR1. RT-PCR values ranged 0.76–5.11 ΔCt for LTA4H and 0.22–6.24 ΔCt for FXR1. Molecular and immunohistochemical expression of both LTA4H and FXR1 did not statically correlate with mitotic count or Ki-67 index. The present study demonstrates LTA4H and FXR1 gene and protein in canine oral melanoma, however their expression is apparently unrelated to histopathologic prognostic criteria. Although LTA4H and FXR1 seem unrelated to tumor behavior, their extensive expression in the present cohort of cases suggest that they may play a role in canine oral melanoma oncogenesis.

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