Image_4_Integrated bioinformatics analysis of IFITM1 as a prognostic biomarker and investigation of its immunological role in prostate adenocarcinoma.tiff
Prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD) is a highly aggressive malignancy with high mortality and poor prognosis, and its potential mechanism remains unclear. Our study aimed to identify novel markers for the prognosis of PRAD using bioinformatics technology.Methods
The GSE32571 dataset was downloaded from the GEO database, and analyzed via the limma R package to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially expressed immune score-related genes (DEISRGs). The immune-related genes (IRGs) were further obtained by overlapping DEISRGs and DEGs, and the core gene was identified via survival analysis. Furthermore, the expression level, prognostic value, and potential functions of the core gene were evaluated via multiple bioinformatics databases.Results
A total of 301 IRGs were identified from the GSE32571 dataset, and IFITM1 was a down-regulated gene in several types of cancer, including PRAD. Besides, low expression of IFITM1 was associated with a poor prognosis in PRAD. GSEA indicated that the vital pathways of IFITM1-associated genes were mainly enriched in primary immunodeficiency, Th17 cell differentiation, Th1, and Th2 cell differentiation, natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity, myeloid dendritic cell activation, regulation of leukocyte activation, etc. Furthermore, IFITM1 was closely correlated with 22 types of tumor-infiltrating immune cells.Discussion
IFITM1 was a prognostic biomarker for PRAD patients, and it can be acted as a potential immune therapy target in PRAD.