Image_4_Identification and analysis of cellular senescence-associated signatures in diabetic kidney disease by integrated bioinformatics analysis and machine learning.tif
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a common complication of diabetes that is clinically characterized by progressive albuminuria due to glomerular destruction. The etiology of DKD is multifactorial, and numerous studies have demonstrated that cellular senescence plays a significant role in its pathogenesis, but the specific mechanism requires further investigation.Methods
This study utilized 5 datasets comprising 144 renal samples from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. We obtained cellular senescence-related pathways from the Molecular Signatures Database and evaluated the activity of senescence pathways in DKD patients using the Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) algorithm. Furthermore, we identified module genes related to cellular senescence pathways through Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) algorithm and used machine learning algorithms to screen for hub genes related to senescence. Subsequently, we constructed a cellular senescence-related signature (SRS) risk score based on hub genes using the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO), and verified mRNA levels of hub genes by RT-PCR in vivo. Finally, we validated the relationship between the SRS risk score and kidney function, as well as their association with mitochondrial function and immune infiltration.Results
The activity of cellular senescence-related pathways was found to be elevated among DKD patients. Based on 5 hub genes (LIMA1, ZFP36, FOS, IGFBP6, CKB), a cellular senescence-related signature (SRS) was constructed and validated as a risk factor for renal function decline in DKD patients. Notably, patients with high SRS risk scores exhibited extensive inhibition of mitochondrial pathways and upregulation of immune cell infiltration.Conclusion
Collectively, our findings demonstrated that cellular senescence is involved in the process of DKD, providing a novel strategy for treating DKD.