Image_4_How Can the COVID-19 Pandemic Lead to Positive Changes in Urology Residency?.JPEG (287.34 kB)

Image_4_How Can the COVID-19 Pandemic Lead to Positive Changes in Urology Residency?.JPEG

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posted on 24.11.2020, 05:03 by Gian Maria Busetto, Francesco Del Giudice, Andrea Mari, Isabella Sperduti, Nicola Longo, Alessandro Antonelli, Maria Angela Cerruto, Elisabetta Costantini, Marco Carini, Andrea Minervini, Bernardo Rocco, Walter Artibani, Angelo Porreca, Francesco Porpiglia, Rocco Damiano, Marco De Sio, Davide Arcaniolo, Sebastiano Cimino, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Pasquale Di Tonno, Paolo Gontero, Francesco Soria, Carlo Trombetta, Giovanni Liguori, Roberto Mario Scarpa, Rocco Papalia, Carlo Terrone, Marco Borghesi, Paolo Verze, Massimo Madonia, Antonello De Lisa, Pierluigi Bove, Giorgio Guazzoni, Giovanni Lughezzani, Marco Racioppi, Luca Di Gianfrancesco, Eugenio Brunocilla, Riccardo Schiavina, Claudio Simeone, Alessandro Veccia, Francesco Montorsi, Alberto Briganti, Fabrizio Dal Moro, Carlo Pavone, Vincenzo Serretta, Savino Mauro Di Stasi, Andrea Benedetto Galosi, Luigi Schips, Michele Marchioni, Emanuele Montanari, Giuseppe Carrieri, Luigi Cormio, Francesco Greco, Gennaro Musi, Martina Maggi, Simon L. Conti, Andrea Tubaro, Ettore De Berardinis, Alessandro Sciarra, Michele Gallucci, Vincenzo Mirone, Ottavio de Cobelli, Matteo Ferro

The COVID-19 outbreak, in a few weeks, overloaded Italian hospitals, and the majority of medical procedures were postponed. During the pandemic, with hospital reorganization, clinical and learning activities performed by residents suffered a forced remodulation. The objective of this study is to investigate how urology training in Italy has been affected during the COVID-19 era. In this multi-academic study, we compared residents' training during the highest outbreak level with their previous activity. Overall 387 (67.1%) of the 577 Italian Urology residents participated in a 72-h anonymous online survey with 36 items sent via email. The main outcomes were clinical/surgical activities, social distancing, distance learning, and telemedicine. Clinical and learning activity was significantly reduced for the overall group, and after categorizing residents as those working only in COVID hospitals, both “junior” and “senior” residents, and those working in any of three geographical areas created (Italian regions were clustered in three major zones according to the prevalence of COVID-19). A significant decrease in outpatient activity, invasive diagnostic procedures, and endoscopic and major surgeries was reported. Through multivariate analysis, the specific year of residency has been found to be an independent predictor for all response modification. Being in zone 3 and zone 2 and having “senior” resident status were independent predictors associated with a lower reduction of the clinical and learning activity. Working in a COVID hospital and having “senior” resident status were independent predictors associated with higher reduction of the outpatient activity. Working in zone 3 and having “senior” resident status were independent predictors of lower and higher outpatient surgical activity, respectively. Working in a COVID hospital was an independent predictor associated with robotic surgical activity. The majority of residents reported that distance teaching and multidisciplinary virtual meetings are still not used, and 44.8% reported that their relationships with colleagues decreased. The COVID-19 pandemic presents an unprecedented challenge, including changes in the training and education of urology residents. The COVID era can offer an opportunity to balance and implement innovative solutions that can bridge the educational gap and can be part of future urology training.

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