Image_4_Development and Clinical Validation of Novel 8-Gene Prognostic Signature Associated With the Proportion of Regulatory T Cells by Weighted Gene.tif (372.53 kB)
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Image_4_Development and Clinical Validation of Novel 8-Gene Prognostic Signature Associated With the Proportion of Regulatory T Cells by Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis in Uterine Corpus Endometrial Carcinoma.tif

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posted on 14.12.2021, 04:23 by Jinhui Liu, Rui Geng, Sheng Yang, Fang Shao, Zihang Zhong, Min Yang, Senmiao Ni, Lixin Cai, Jianling Bai
Background

Uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC) is a gynecological malignant tumor with low survival rate and poor prognosis. The traditional clinicopathological staging is insufficient to estimate the prognosis of UCEC. It is necessary to select a more effective prognostic signature of UCEC to predict the prognosis and immunotherapy effect of UCEC.

Methods

CIBERSORT and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) algorithms were combined to screen modules related to regulatory T (Treg) cells. Subsequently, univariate, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify the genes in key modules. The difference in overall survival (OS) between high- and low-risk patients was analyzed by Kaplan–Meier analysis. The Tregs-related risk signature (TRRS) was screened by uni- and multivariate Cox analyses. Afterward, we analyzed the expression difference of TRRS and verified its ability to predict the prognosis of UCEC and the effect of immunotherapy.

Results

Red module has the highest correlation with Tregs among all clustered modules. Pathways enrichment indicated that the related processes of UCEC were primarily associated to the immune system. Eight genes (ZSWIM1, NPRL3, GOLGA7, ST6GALNAC4, CDC16, ITPK1, PCSK4, and CORO1B) were selected to construct TRRS. We found that this TRRS is a significantly independent prognostic factor of UCEC. Low-risk patients have higher overall survival than high-risk patients. The immune status of different groups was different, and tumor-related pathways were enriched in patients with higher risk score. Low-risk patients are more likely take higher tumor mutation burden (TMB). Meanwhile, they are more sensitive to chemotherapy than patients with high-risk score, which indicated a superior prognosis. Immune checkpoints such as PD-1, CTLA4, PD-L1, and PD-L2 all had a higher expression level in low-risk group. TRRS expression really has a relevance with the sensitivity of UCEC patients to chemotherapeutic drugs.

Conclusion

We developed and validated a TRRS to estimate the prognosis and reflect the immune status of UCEC, which could accurately assess the prognosis of patients with UCEC and supply personalized treatments for them.

History

References