Image_4_CD3+ Macrophages Deliver Proinflammatory Cytokines by a CD3- and Transmembrane TNF-Dependent Pathway and Are Increased at the BCG-Infection Si.pdf (147.37 kB)
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Image_4_CD3+ Macrophages Deliver Proinflammatory Cytokines by a CD3- and Transmembrane TNF-Dependent Pathway and Are Increased at the BCG-Infection Site.pdf

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posted on 07.11.2019, 15:47 by Adriana Rodriguez-Cruz, Dominique Vesin, Lucero Ramon-Luing, Joaquin Zuñiga, Valérie F. J. Quesniaux, Bernhard Ryffel, Ricardo Lascurain, Irene Garcia, Leslie Chávez-Galán

Macrophages are essential cells of the innate immune response against microbial infections, and they have the ability to adapt under both pro- and anti-inflammatory conditions and develop different functions. A growing body of evidence regarding a novel macrophage subpopulation that expresses CD3 has recently emerged. Here, we explain that human circulating monocytes can be differentiated into CD3+TCRαβ+ and CD3+TCRαβ macrophages. Both cell subpopulations express on their cell surface HLA family molecules, but only the CD3+TCRαβ+ macrophage subpopulation co-express CD1 family molecules and transmembrane TNF (tmTNF). CD3+TCRαβ+ macrophages secrete IL-1β, IL-6 IP-10, and MCP-1 by both tmTNF- and CD3-dependent pathways, while CD3+TCRαβ macrophages specifically produce IFN-γ, TNF, and MIP-1β by a CD3-dependent pathway. In this study, we also used a mouse model of BCG-induced pleurisy and demonstrated that CD3+ myeloid cells (TCRαβ+ and TCRαβ cells) are increased at the infection sites during the acute phase (2 weeks post-infection). Interestingly, cell increment was mediated by tmTNF, and the soluble form of TNF was dispensable. BCG-infection also induced the expression of TNF receptor 2 on CD3+ myeloid cells, which increased after BCG-infection, suggesting that the tmTNF/TNFRs axis plays an important role in the presence or function of these cells in tuberculosis.

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