Image_3_SP1-Mediated Upregulation of Long Noncoding RNA ZFAS1 Involved in Non-syndromic Cleft Lip and Palate via Inactivating WNT/β-Catenin Signaling .TIF (831.36 kB)
Download file

Image_3_SP1-Mediated Upregulation of Long Noncoding RNA ZFAS1 Involved in Non-syndromic Cleft Lip and Palate via Inactivating WNT/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway.TIF

Download (831.36 kB)
figure
posted on 29.06.2021, 04:08 authored by Shiyu Chen, Zhonglin Jia, Ming Cai, Mujie Ye, Dandan Wu, Teng Wan, Bowen Zhang, Peixuan Wu, Yuexin Xu, Yuntao Guo, Chan Tian, Duan Ma, Jing Ma

Non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (NSCLP) is one of the most common congenital malformations with multifactorial etiology. Although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in the development of lip and palate, their roles in NSCLP are not fully elucidated. This study aimed to investigate how dysregulated lncRNAs contribute to NSCLP. Using lncRNA sequencing, bioinformatics analysis, and clinical tissue sample detection, we identified that lncRNA ZFAS1 was significantly upregulated in NSCLP. The upregulation of ZFAS1 mediated by SP1 transcription factor (SP1) inhibited expression levels of Wnt family member 4 (WNT4) through the binding with CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), subsequently inactivating the WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway, which has been reported to play a significant role on the development of lip and palate. Moreover, in vitro, the overexpression of ZFAS1 inhibited cell proliferation and migration in human oral keratinocytes and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (HUC-MSCs) and also repressed chondrogenic differentiation of HUC-MSCs. In vivo, ZFAS1 suppressed cell proliferation and numbers of chondrocyte in the zebrafish ethmoid plate. In summary, these results indicated that ZFAS1 may be involved in NSCLP by affecting cell proliferation, migration, and chondrogenic differentiation through inactivating the WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway.

History

References