Image_3_Multiple Processes May Involve in the IgG4-RD Pathogenesis: An Integrative Study via Proteomic and Transcriptomic Analysis.TIF (764.86 kB)

Image_3_Multiple Processes May Involve in the IgG4-RD Pathogenesis: An Integrative Study via Proteomic and Transcriptomic Analysis.TIF

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posted on 20.08.2020, 04:34 by Shaozhe Cai, Yu Chen, ShengYan Lin, Cong Ye, Fang Zheng, Lingli Dong

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly defined disease entity, while the exact pathogenesis is still not clear. Identifying the characters of IgG4-RD in proteomic and transcriptomic aspects will be critical to investigate the potential pathogenic mechanisms of IgG4-RD. We performed proteomic analysis realized with iTRAQ technique for serum samples from eight treatment-naive IgG4-RD patients and eight healthy volunteers, and tissue samples from two IgG4-RD patients and two non-IgG4-RD patients. Transcriptomic data (GSE40568 and GSE66465) was obtained from the GEO Dataset for validation. The weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) was applied to detect the gene modules correlated with IgG4-RD. KEGG pathway analysis was used to investigate pathways enriched in IgG4-RD samples. As a result, a total of 980 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in tissue and 94 DEPs in serum were identified between IgG4-RD and control groups. Three hundred fifty-four and two hundred forty-seven genes that most correlated with IgG4-RD were detected by WGCNA analysis in tissue and PBMC, respectively. We also found that DEPs in IgG4-RD samples were enriched in several immune-related activities including bacterial/viral infections and platelet activation as well as some immune related signaling pathways. In conclusion, we identified multiple processes/factors and several signaling pathways that may involve in the IgG4-RD pathogenesis, and found out some potential therapeutic targets for IgG4-RD.

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