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posted on 27.10.2021, 04:35 authored by Li Lin, Kai Huang, Zewei Tu, Xingen Zhu, Jingying Li, Kunjian Lei, Min Luo, Peng Wang, Chuandong Gong, Xiaoyan Long, Lei Wu

Diffuse gliomas are the most common malignant brain tumors with the highest mortality and recurrence rate in adults. Integrin alpha-2 (ITGA2) is involved in a series of biological processes, including cell adhesion, stemness regulation, angiogenesis, and immune/blood cell functions. The role of ITGA2 in lower-grade gliomas (LGGs) is not well defined. Firstly, we downloaded RNA sequencing and relevant clinical information from The Cancer Genome Atlas cohort, the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas cohort, and related immune cohorts. Next, prognosis analysis, difference analysis, clinical model construction, enrichment analysis, and immune infiltration analysis are performed for this study. These analyses indicated that ITGA2 may have clinical application value and research value in LGG immunotherapy. We also detected the mRNA and protein expression of ITGA2 in three LGG cell lines and normal glial cells using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay and western blot assay. Our study not only offers a novel target for LGG immunotherapy but also can better comprehend the mechanism of the development and progression of patients with LGG. This study revealed that ITGA2 may be a potential prognostic and predictive biomarker for LGG, which can bring new insights into targeted immunotherapy.

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