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Image_3_Integrated proteomic and metabolomic profile analyses of cardiac valves revealed molecular mechanisms and targets in calcific aortic valve dis.TIF (919.44 kB)
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Image_3_Integrated proteomic and metabolomic profile analyses of cardiac valves revealed molecular mechanisms and targets in calcific aortic valve disease.TIF

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posted on 2022-10-13, 04:05 authored by Bo Fu, Jing Wang, Lianqun Wang, Qiang Wang, Zhigang Guo, Meilin Xu, Nan Jiang
Background

This study aimed to define changes in the metabolic and protein profiles of patients with calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD).

Methods and results

We analyzed cardiac valve samples of patients with and without (control) CAVD (n = 24 per group) using untargeted metabolomics and tandem mass tag-based quantitative proteomics. Significantly different metabolites and proteins between the CAVD and control groups were screened; then, functional enrichment was analyzed. We analyzed co-expressed differential metabolites and proteins, and constructed a metabolite-protein-pathway network. The expression of key proteins was validated using western blotting. Differential analysis identified 229 metabolites in CAVD among which, 2-aminophenol, hydroxykynurenine, erythritol, carnosine, and choline were the top five. Proteomic analysis identified 549 differentially expressed proteins in CAVD, most of which were localized in the nuclear, cytoplasmic, extracellular, and plasma membranes. Levels of selenium binding protein 1 (SELENBP1) positively correlated with multiple metabolites. Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporters, starch and sucrose metabolism, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) signaling, and purine metabolism were key pathways in the network. Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1), calcium2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II delta (CAMK2D), and ATP binding cassette subfamily a member 8 (ABCA8) were identified as hub proteins in the metabolite-protein-pathway network as they interacted with ADP, glucose 6-phosphate, choline, and other proteins. Western blotting confirmed that ENPP1 was upregulated, whereas ABCA8 and CAMK2D were downregulated in CAVD samples.

Conclusion

The metabolic and protein profiles of cardiac valves from patients with CAVD significantly changed. The present findings provide a holistic view of the molecular mechanisms underlying CAVD that may lead to the development of novel diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets to treat CAVD.

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