Frontiers
Browse
Image_3_Gene Expression Profiling of Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle and One Carbon Metabolism Related Genes for Prognostic Risk Signature of Colon Carcinoma.TIF (712.2 kB)

Image_3_Gene Expression Profiling of Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle and One Carbon Metabolism Related Genes for Prognostic Risk Signature of Colon Carcinoma.TIF

Download (712.2 kB)
figure
posted on 2021-09-13, 14:41 authored by Zheying Zhang, Huifang Zhu, Qian Li, Wuji Gao, Dan Zang, Wei Su, Rui Yang, Jiateng Zhong

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent malignant tumors worldwide. Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is the most common pathological type of CRC and several biomarkers related to survival have been confirmed. Yet, the predictive effect of a single gene biomarker is not enough. The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and carbon metabolism play an important role in tumors. Thus, we aimed to identify new gene signatures from the TCA cycle and carbon metabolism to better predict the survival of COAD. This study performed mRNA expression profiling in large COAD cohorts (n = 417) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Univariate Cox regression and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to screen the variable combinations model which is most relevant to patient prognosis survival mostly. Univariable or multivariate analysis results showed that SUCLG2, SUCLG1, ACLY, SUCLG2P2, ATIC and ACO2 have associations with survival in COAD. Combined with clinical variables, we confirmed model 1 (AUC = 0.82505), most relevant to patient prognosis survival. Model 1 contains three genes: SUCLG2P2, SUCLG2 and ATIC, in which SUCLG2P2 and SUCLG2 were low-expressed in COAD, however, ATIC was highly expressed, and the expressions above are related to stages of CRC. Pearson analysis showed that SUCLG2P2, SUCLG2 and ATIC were correlated in normal COAD tissues, while only SUCLG2P2 and SUCLG2 were correlated in tumor tissues. Finally, we verified the expressions of these three genes in COAD samples. Our study revealed a possible connection between the TCA cycle and carbon metabolism and prognosis and showed a TCA cycle and carbon metabolism related gene signature which could better predict survival in COAD patients.

History