Image_3_Frequent Genetic Alterations and Their Clinical Significance in Patients With Thymic Epithelial Tumors.jpg
Thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) are relatively rare neoplasms, including thymomas (types A, AB, B1, B2, and B3) and thymic carcinomas (TCs). The current knowledge about the biological properties of TETs is limited due to their low incidence. This study aimed to detect genetic alterations in TETs using next-generation sequencing(NGS) and explore their clinical significance in survival.Methods
Tumor tissues and clinical data were collected from 34 patients with resected TETs in the Tianjin Medical University General Hospital between January 2011 and January 2019, and 56 cancer-associated genes were analyzed. The data of 123 TETs were retrieved from TCGA, and the information on their clinical and somatic mutations was explored.Results
The cohort comprised 34 TETs including 17 thymomas and 17 TCs. The NGS results indicated that 73.08% of TCs+type B3 TETs and 37.50% of non-TCs+type B3 TETs each exhibited gene mutations. For patients with type B3/C, TP53 was the most frequent mutation (19.23%), followed by CDKN2A (11.54%). Similarly, in 123 TETs from the TCGA cohort, TP53 mutations were more frequent in patients with type B3/C than in patients with non-type B3/C (11.53% vs 3.09%). Further, patients with TET with TP53 mutations in the present cohort and the TCGA cohort had a worse prognosis compared with those without TP53 mutations.Conclusions
Gene mutation profiles between TCs+type B3 TETs and non-TCs+type B3 TETs were significantly different. The presence of TP53 mutations was more frequent in TCs+type B3 TETs than in non-TCs+type B3 TETs, which was associated with a worse prognosis.